The thermomechanical behavior of laminated composites in which every lamina is unidirectional fiber-reinforced thermoinelastic material is determined by a micromechanical analysis followed by a macromechanical one. In the micromechanical analysis, effective constitutive relations are derived for unidirectional fibrous materials in which the matrix and fiber phases are thermoelastic in the linear region and thermoinelastic in the nonlinear region. The derivation is based solely on the material properties of fibers and matrix and amount of reinforcement. By a macromechanics analysis the gross behavior of the laminated composite in stretching and bending deformation is determined. Applications are given for the deformation field developed in cooling and reheating of graphite/aluminium laminated plates.