Congenital ptosis repair in children: comparison of frontalis muscle suspension surgery and levator muscle surgery

Ortal Fogel Tempelhof*, Anat Bachar Zipori, Daphna Mezad-Koursh, Elena Tomashpolski, Muhammad Abumanhal, Igal Leibovitch, Ran Ben Cnaan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Comparing the surgical and refractive outcomes of congenital ptosis repair by different surgical techniques. Methods: This longitudinal cohort study reviewed medical records of 101 patients who underwent congenital ptosis repair, from 2006 to 2022 in a single center. Analysis was performed for demographic background, co-morbidities, pre-operative and post-operative ocular examinations and refraction, complications, reoperations, and success rates. Results: Following exclusion criteria, we remained with 80 patients (103 eyes) who underwent either frontalis muscle suspension surgery (FMS) (55 eyes) or levator muscle surgery (LM) (48 eyes). Patients in the FMS group were younger (mean age of 3.1 vs. 6.0 years, p < 0.001) and had worse pre-operative ocular assessments including prevalence of visual axis involvement, chin-up head position, ptosis severity, and levator muscle function (LF) (p < 0.001). Both groups had a 25% rate of reoperation, however while in the LM group reoperation was required solely due to undercorrection, in the FMS group various indications prompted reoperation. Success rate was higher in the FMS group (87.3% vs. 60.4%, p = 0.002). While pre-operative astigmatism was higher in the LM group (p = 0.019), no significant differences were observed post-operatively. Spherical and spherical equivalent changes over time were significant only in the FMS group (p = 0.010 and p = 0.004, respectively). Conclusions: Within our cohort, a higher success rate of congenital ptosis repair was observed among patients who underwent FMS compared to LM, despite similar reoperation rates. In cases of severe ptosis and moderate LF, LM demonstrated a lower-than-anticipated success rate. Astigmatic changes following ptosis repair were not consistent in either group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2979-2986
Number of pages8
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2023


  • Amblyopia
  • Astigmatism
  • Congenital ptosis
  • Frontalis suspension
  • Levator resection


Dive into the research topics of 'Congenital ptosis repair in children: comparison of frontalis muscle suspension surgery and levator muscle surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this