Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disease characterized by autonomic nervous system dysregulation. Central hypoventilation is the most prominent and clinically important presentation. CCHS is caused by mutations in paired-like homeobox 2b (PHOX2B) and is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. A co-occurrence of two asymptomatic PHOX2B variants with a classical CCHS presentation highlights the importance of clinical PHOX2B testing in parents and family members of all CCHS probands. Despite being an autosomal dominant disease, once a polyalanine repeat expansion mutation has been identified, sequencing of the other allele should also be considered.
- autosomal dominant
- autosomal recessive
- non-polyalanine repeat mutation
- polyalanine repeat expansion mutation