Confinement and lattice quantum-electrodynamic electric flux tubes simulated with ultracold atoms

Erez Zohar, Benni Reznik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We propose a method for simulating (2+1)D compact lattice quantum-electrodynamics, using ultracold atoms in optical lattices. In our model local Bose-Einstein condensates' (BECs) phases correspond to the electromagnetic vector potential, and the local number operators represent the conjugate electric field. The well-known gauge-invariant Kogut-Susskind Hamiltonian is obtained as an effective low-energy theory. The field is then coupled to external static charges. We show that in the strong coupling limit this gives rise to "electric flux tubes" and to confinement. This can be observed by measuring the local density deviations of the BECs, and is expected to hold even, to some extent, outside the perturbative calculable regime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number275301
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume107
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Dec 2011

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