Confined colloidal crystals in and out of equilibrium

A. Reinmüller*, E. C. Oğuz, R. Messina, H. Löwen, H. J. Schöpe, T. Palberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Recent studies on confined crystals of charged colloidal particles are reviewed, both in equilibrium and out of equilibrium. We focus in particular on direct comparisons of experiments (light scattering and microscopy) with lattice sum calculations and computer simulations. In equilibrium we address buckling and crystalline multilayering of charged systems in hard and soft slit confinement. We discuss also recent crystalline structures obtained for charged mixtures. Moreover we put forward possibilities to apply external perturbations, in order to drive the system out of equilibrium. These include electrolyte gradients as well as the application of shear and electric fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3011-3022
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Physical Journal: Special Topics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Confined colloidal crystals in and out of equilibrium'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this