Configurations of gender inequality: The consequences of ideology and public policy

Hadas Mandel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper gathers a wide range of indicators into distinctive profiles to show how configurations of gender economic inequality are shaped by both welfare state strategies and gender role ideologies. When multiple aspects of gender inequality are assembled together, it becomes evident that all societies exhibit both gender-egalitarian and inegalitarian features. These tradeoffs can best be understood through the ideological and institutional contexts in which they are embedded. Empirical illustrations are provided for fourteen advanced societies by analysing the major expressions of gender inequality; from women's economic wellbeing and financial autonomy, through labour force participation and continuity of employment, to occupational attainments and economic rewards. The analysis confirms the existence of distinctive profiles of gender inequality and their affinity to normative conceptions of the gender order and ideal types of welfare state institutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-719
Number of pages27
JournalBritish Journal of Sociology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2009


  • Family policy
  • Gender ideology
  • Gender inequality
  • Welfare regimes
  • Welfare state


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