Objectives: We investigated characteristics of left atrial conduction in patients with HCM, paroxysmal AF and normal bipolar voltage. Background: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) exhibit abnormal cardiac tissue arrangement. The incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is increased fourfold in patients with HCM and confers a fourfold increased risk of death. Catheter ablation is less effective in HCM, with twofold increased risk of AF recurrence. The mechanisms of AF perpetuation in HCM are poorly understood. Methods: We analyzed 20 patients with HCM and 20 controls presenting for radiofrequency ablation of paroxysmal AF normal left atrial voltage(> 0.5 mV). Intracardiac electrograms were extracted from the CARTO mapping system and analyzed using Matlab/Python code interfacing with Core OpenEP software. Conduction velocity maps were calculated using local activation time gradients. Results: There were no differences in baseline demographics, atrial size, or valvular disease between HCM and control patients. Patients with HCM had significantly reduced atrial conduction velocity compared to controls (0.44 ± 0.17 vs 0.56 ± 0.10 m/s, p = 0.01), despite no significant differences in bipolar voltage amplitude (1.23 ± 0.38 vs 1.20 ± 0.41 mV, p = 0.76). There was a statistically significant reduction in conduction velocity in the posterior left atrium in HCM patients relative to controls (0.43 ± 0.18 vs 0.58 ± 0.10 m/s, p = 0.003), but not in the anterior left atrium (0.46 ± 0.17 vs 0.55 ± 0.10 m/s, p = 0.05). There was a significant association between conduction velocity and interventricular septal thickness (slope = -0.013, R2 = 0.13, p = 0.03). Conclusions: Atrial conduction velocity is significantly reduced in patients with HCM and paroxysmal AF, possibly contributing to arrhythmia persistence after catheter ablation.
|Journal||Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2023|
- Biomedical engineering
- Cardiac electrophysiology
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy