Conduction Abnormalities after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation and Diastolic Dysfunction

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Abstract

Objectives: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is frequently associated with the development of conduction abnormalities. We assessed the effect of conduction abnormalities on diastolic function following TAVI. Methods: In total, 101 consecutive post-TAVI patients were included, each with echocardiographic follow-up at 1 and 6 months. Diastolic properties were correlated with the occurrence of a long PR interval and wide QRS, and their change from baseline. The measured diastolic parameters included E/A ratio, E wave deceleration time, E wave to e′ ratio, left atrial (LA) volume, and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP). The clinical outcome was all-cause mortality. Results: Overall, TAVI was associated with a consistent decrease in SPAP at the 1- and 6-month follow-up. LA volumes were increased at 1 month post-TAVI in patients with a wide compared to normal QRS (p = 0.03) and at 6 months in patients with a normal compared to prolonged PR (p = 0.03). PR prolongation above 40 ms was associated with lower SPAP at the 1- but not 6-month follow-up. Survival was not influenced by conduction abnormalities. Conclusions: TAVI is associated with a reduction in SPAP. A postprocedural wide QRS and normal PR interval may unfavorably influence the left-sided filling performance, resulting in an increased LA volume. Other diastolic parameters, as well as survival, are not significantly affected by postprocedural conduction abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalCardiology
Volume137
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Conduction abnormalities
  • Diastolic dysfunction
  • Transcatheter aortic valve implantation

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