Compulsivity and obsessionality in opioid addiction

Irit Friedman, Reuven Dar*, Etay Shilony

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Seventy-one individuals with opioid dependence undergoing ambulatory treatment participated in a personal interview assessing the importance of their opioid-use rituals, the severity of compulsivity and obsessionality in relation to their drug use, and the number of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms. The level of compulsivity and obsessionality in opioid dependence was comparable to that found in OCD and alcohol addiction. The importance of rituals was inversely related to the number of opioid lapses during rehabilitation treatment and positively correlated with the number of non-drug-related OCD symptoms. Based on established norms for OCD symptoms, we estimated that 11.4% of our sample would meet diagnostic criteria for OCD, a rate which is over 4 times higher than the rate of OCD in the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2000


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