Composites Made of Carbon Nanotubes and Silver Nanoparticles for Conductive Aerosol-Jet Deposition Ink: The Double-Edged Sword of Functionalization

Omri Schulman, Raz Samira, Noa Lachman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Optimizing conductive ink for Direct-Write Additive Manufacturing, this work explores the effect of carboxylic functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes on their affinity to silver nanoparticles deposited on them. We show a correlation between functionalization and the size of the resulted NPs: the diameter of the silver NPs deposited on pristine CNTs (∼5 nm diameter) is third of that of NPs deposited on functionalized CNTs (∼15 nm). Electrical characterization of the silver-decorated CNT-based ink shows a more significant improvement in conductivity of the functionalized CNTs-decorated with silver compared to the pristine one (maximal ∼40 and ∼20% increase in conductivity over their undecorated counterpart, respectively). However, CNT functionalization severely damages the conductivity of the CNTs themselves, resulting in a much lower conductivity. This “double-edged sword” effect of functionalization results in the highest absolute specific conductivity (3.79 × 103 S/m) achieved by decorating pristine CNTs with 25 wt% of silver. Nevertheless, the observed enhanced conductivity and the ability to control the composite’s morphology by functionalization allow fine-tuning of morphology-based properties, such as surface enhanced Raman scattering and optimization of the ink for sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number827740
JournalFrontiers in Materials
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 May 2022

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israeli Ministry of Defense - Directorate of Defense Research and Development

    Keywords

    • CNT
    • additive Manufacturing
    • aerosol jet deposition
    • electrical Properties
    • silver nanoparticles

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