Complement profile in primary biliary cirrhosis

M. Schlesinger, C. Benbassat, Y. Shoenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PBC is a chronic progressive liver disease of unknown etiology. Several abnormalities found in PBC support the hypothesis that it may be considered an autoimmune disease. Despite the complex and interesting relationship that exists between autoimmune disorders and the complement system, very few reports on the level of the serum complement component in PBC have been published, and most of these comprised only a few patients or analyzed only a scant number of the complement components. In the present study, sera of 73 PBC patients were analyzed for the levels of 10 complement components. It was found that the levels of most of the serum complement components, including C1q, C2, C3, C5, C7, properdin and factor B were significantly elevated in patients with PBC in comparison to healthy controls. The level of C4 was slightly lower than that of the normal controls (p=0.019), while the levels of C6 and C8 were within the normal range. The number of PBC patients with serum levels of C4 and C6 <60% of normal pooled serum was higher than in the respective control groups (6/69 compared with 0/26 and 4/71 compared with 0/27, respectively). However, the difference was not statistically significant. Thus, our study shows alterations in the levels of most complement components in PBC, the reasons for which are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-103
Number of pages6
JournalImmunologic Research
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1992

Keywords

  • Acute phase reaction
  • Antimitochondrial antibodies complement
  • Autoimmunity
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis

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