The cytotoxic activity of human blood lymphocytes toward Raji cells was strongly elevated when human serum (HS) was included in the cytotoxicity assay. This phenomenon also occurred when the effector cells were activated by interferon (IFN). Hypogammaglobulinemic serum (HyS) and heat-inactivated serum could also augment cytotoxicity, but C3-depleted serum was inefficient. IFN treatment of Raji cells decreased their sensitivity to lysis and this effect was counteracted by addition of HS to the system. It is likely that C3 activation by, and deposition on, Raji cells when used as targets for cytotoxicity facilitate their recognition and lysis by lymphocytes. These events may represent one mechanism operating in the natural killing phenomenon.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Sep 1984|