Compartment syndrome because of acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy: A case report and literature review

Miri Dotan*, Elhanan Nahum, Daniel Weigl, Efraim Bilavsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy (AHEI) is a benign, self-limiting vasculitis that usually resolves completely without any sequelae or a need for active therapy. To our knowledge, compartment syndrome because of AHEI has not been reported. Chart data for a single case were reviewed and reported in a retrospective study. A 19-month-old male presented with petechial rash and swelling of the left lower leg. AHEI was diagnosed clinically and confirmed by skin biopsy. On the basis of the clinical appearance, compartment syndrome of the foot was suspected. Measurements of compartmental pressures in the foot were well above the commonly cited ranges and a fasciotomy was performed. Following the operation, there was a marked clinical improvement in the limb perfusion. The child was discharged on the 20th day with marked clinical improvement; both active and passive leg movements were intact. We suggest that pediatric orthopedic surgeons should be familiar with this entity and its rare complication. Level of evidence: V - case report.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-421
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2014


  • Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy
  • Compartment syndrome
  • Fasciotomy


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