Comparison study of the histomorphometric results after socket preservation with prf and allograft used for socket preservation—randomized controlled trials

Vasilena Ivanova, Ivan Chenchev, Stefan Zlatev, Eitan Mijiritsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the present clinical study was to assess and compare the histomorphometric results and efficacy of freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA) in combination with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), and PRF as a sole grafting material for socket preservation. Ninety patients in need of tooth extraction and implant restoration were included in this study. The participants were randomly divided into three groups based on post-extraction clinical protocol: socket preservation procedure with allograft in combination with a PRF membrane (PRFm), PRF as a sole grafting material, and a control group. A total of 90 implants were placed four months post-extraction. During the surgical re-entry a bone biopsy was harvested with a trephine drill. Histological samples were prepared and analyzed for percentage vital bone and connective tissue. One-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post-hoc analysis were used to assess the results. Both test groups revealed a significantly higher percentage of vital bone formation compared to the control group. No statistically significant differences regarding vital bone formation and connective tissue quantity between the tested groups were observed (FDBA + PRFm: 3.29 ± 13.03%; and PRF: 60.79 ± 9.72%). From a clinical and histological point of view, both materials in the test groups are suitable for the filling of post-extraction sockets without bone defects. Both of the tested groups revealed a significantly higher percentage of vital bone formation compared to the control group.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7451
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Allograft
  • Bone biopsy
  • Dental implants
  • Histology
  • PRF
  • Vital bone

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