Comparison of PY 108-068, a new calcium antagonist, with nifedipine in exercise-induced asthma

S. R. Olive, J. E. Hansen, D. Y. Sue, I. Ben-Dov, K. Wasserman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several calcium antagonists, each with significantly different chemical structures, have demonstrated variable attenuation of exercise-induced asthma. Quantitative comparisons have been hampered by differences in the intensity of challenge and the severity of the underlying disease between groups of patients. In 12 asthmatic adults with relatively severe exercise-induced asthma, we compared the effect of a new calcium antagonist, PY 108-068, in doses of 75 mg and 150 mg with nifedipine (30 mg) and placebo on resting flow rates and flow rates after exercise. Over a three-week period, each patient completed a four-day, randomized, double-blind Latin-square study. After receiving one of four oral drugs, spirometry was repeated every 30 minutes for two hours, followed by a six-minute treadmill exercise test breathing dry air. The exercise tests were well matched for work rate, ventilation, heart rate, and oxygen uptake. Spirometry was then repeated seven times over the next 30 minutes after exercise. Though both 150 mg of PY 108-068 and nifedipine were associated with mild bronchodilation before exercise, only the latter was significant (p < 0.05). Exercise-induced asthma (expressed as maximal percent fall in the forced expiratory volume in one second from before baseline) was significantly attenuated only by 150 mg of PY 108-068 compared to placebo (24 ± 13 vs 40 ± 16; p < 0.05). Headache, which occurred in six subjects after nifedipine, five after 150 mg of PY 108-068, one after 75 mg of PY 108-068, and none after placebo, was subjectively more severe after nifedipine. We conclude that in these patients, there was a tendency for mild bronchodilation before exercise with both 150 mg of PY 108-068 and nifedipine, but only the 150-mg dose provided significant protection against exercise-induced asthma two hours after the drug.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-211
Number of pages4
JournalChest
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

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