Comparison of pregnancy outcome between immigrant women in couples with same ethnicity to mixed ethnicity couples

Sarit Avraham, Liat Zakar, Sharon Maslovitz, Jenna Zoabi, Anat Lavie, Yariv Yogev, Ariel Many

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To compare the pregnancy outcome of immigrant women who became pregnant to the same ethnicity partner versus a partner from a different ethnicity. Methods: A retrospective cohort study on all singleton pregnancies of immigrant women who delivered between the years 2011–2015 in a single tertiary University Affiliated Hospital. Demographic and obstetrical data were collected. Same ethnicity couples and mixed couples were compared using the Pearson chi-square test for dichotomous variables, and Student’s T-test for normally distributed continuous variables. Results: Overall, 443 immigrant women delivered during the study period, of them, 294 (66.37%) had the same ethnicity spouse and 149 (33.63%) were part of a mixed couple. Women of same ethnicity couples were significantly younger (32.7 versus 35.05 years, p <.0001) and more likely to be nulliparous (48 versus 32%, p =.001), compared to women of mixed couples. The rate of episiotomy was significantly higher among women with the same ethnicity spouse in comparison to women of mixed couples (37.22 versus 23.85%, p =.01). There was no significant difference in all other obstetrical or perinatal outcomes tested. Conclusions: Maternal component is the main factor for perinatal outcomes among immigrant mothers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3666-3669
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume33
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Episiotomy
  • immigrant
  • maternal
  • paternal
  • pregnancy

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