We consider the problem of obtaining channel state information (CSI) via a fast feedback link for transmission on the downlink of a multiuser MIMO system. We examine the relative merits of channel feedback schemes based on Shannon's source-channel separation principle (digital schemes) and non-separation based schemes and show that the latter are preferable in this application when small to moderate bandwidth expansion ratios are used as in many current cellular systems. For comparison, we first compute upper-bounds on the performance of the system as a function of SNR. For the non-separation based schemes, we first consider a simple analog transmission and then develop a hybrid digital-analog transmission scheme which quantizes the CSI using a few bits and sends these bits and also the quantization error using analog transmission. We show that the hybrid scheme achieves a higher throughput compared to both analog and digital transmissions and has a much lower computational complexity compared to a digital scheme.
- MIMO systems
- analog feedback
- channel state information (CSI) feedback
- joint source-channel coding
- multiuser MIMO