Comparison of patients with multivessel disease treated at centers with and without on-site cardiac surgery

Eilon Ram, Ilan Goldenberg, Yigal Kassif, Amit Segev, Jakob Lavee, Nir Shlomo, Ehud Raanani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The regional needs and consolidation of cardiac surgery services (CSS) result in an increased number of stand-alone interventional cardiology units. We aimed to explore the impact of a heart team on the decision making and outcomes of patients with multivessel coronary artery disease referred for coronary revascularization in stand-alone interventional cardiology units. Methods: This prospective study included 1063 consecutive patients with multivessel disease enrolled between January and April 2013 from all 22 hospitals in Israel that perform coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with or without on-site CSS. Results: Of the 1063 patients, 487 (46%) underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and 576 (54%) underwent PCI. A higher proportion of patients underwent PCI in hospitals without on-site CSS compared with those with on-site CSS (65% vs 46%; P <.001). Furthermore, patients referred to CABG from hospitals without on-site CSS had a significantly higher mean SYNTAX score compared with those who underwent CABG in centers with on-site CSS (29 vs 26; P =.018). Multivariate logistic regression analysis consistently showed that the absence of on-site cardiac surgery and a heart team was independently associated with a 2.5-fold increased likelihood for predicting the referral of PCI rather than CABG (odds ratio, 2.54; 95% confidence interval, 1.8-3.6). Conclusions: Patients with multivessel coronary artery disease treated in centers without on-site cardiac surgery services receive a lower rate of appropriate guideline-based intervention with CABG. These findings suggest that a heart team approach should be mandatory even in centers with stand-alone interventional cardiology units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-873.e3
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2018


  • adult
  • coronary artery bypass grafts
  • coronary stents
  • percutaneous coronary intervention


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