Comparison of Outcomes of Acute Coronary Syndrome in Patients ≥80 Years Versus Those <80 Years in Israel from 2000 to 2013

Acute Coronary Syndrome Israel Survey (ACSIS)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although patients ≥80 years old constitute the fastest-growing segment of the population and have a high prevalence of coronary artery disease, few data exist regarding the outcome of octogenarians with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In a retrospective study based on data of 13,432 ACS patients who were enrolled in the ACS Israel Survey, we first evaluated the clinical outcome of 1,731 ACS patients ≥80 years (13%) compared with 11,701 ACS patients <80 years (87%) hospitalized during 2000 to 2013. Second, we evaluated the clinical outcome of patients ≥80 years hospitalized during the 2000 to 2006 (“early”) period (n = 1,037) compared with those of the same age group of patients hospitalized during the 2008 to 2013 (“late”) period (n = 694). Implementation of the ACS AHA/ACC/ESC therapeutic guidelines was lower in ACS patients ≥80 years compared with patients <80 years. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated a worse 1-year survival rate in the ACS patients ≥80 years compared with those <80 years. During the late period, patients ≥80 years were more frequently treated with guideline-recommended therapies compared with patients from the same age group who were hospitalized in the early period. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated a better 1-year survival rate of patients ≥80 years during the late period compared with the early period (hazard ratio 1.17, 95% confidence interval 1.15 to 1.61; p = 0.01). In addition, adverse outcome rates of ACS patients ≥80 years were significantly higher compared with those of patients <80 years. However, survival rates of ACS patients ≥80 years were improved over the 200 to 2013 period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1230-1237
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume120
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2017

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