Comparison of noninvasively and invasively managed patients, with or without revascularization in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (from the Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Survey)

Alex Blatt, Eran Kalmanovich, Orit Karny-Rahkovich, Svetlana Brener, Meital Shlezinger, Nir Shlomo, Zvi Vered, Hanoch Hod, Ilan Goldenberg, Gabby Elbaz-Greener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction who are managed noninvasively at presentation or are catheterized but without revascularization represent a heterogeneous and understudied population. We evaluated the clinical characteristics, management strategies, and outcomes of patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) who were enrolled in the prospective biannual Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Surveys from 2004 to 2013. Patients were divided into 3 groups: no catheterization (no angio), catheterization with revascularization (angio-revascularized), and catheterization without revascularization (angio-nonrevascularized) groups. The study included 3,198 patients with NSTEMI. Coronary angiography was performed in 2,525 (79%) during the index hospitalization, of whom 1899 (59%) underwent revascularization. Evidence-based therapies were administered during the index hospitalization at a significantly higher rate to those in the angio-revascularized group compared with the other 2 groups. Multivariate analysis showed that compared with those in the angio-revascularized and angio-nonrevascularized groups, patients in the no angio group experienced a significantly higher risk for 1-year mortality (hazard ratio 2.04 [p ≤0.0001] and 1.21 [p = 0.01], respectively). The risk associated with no revascularized was consistent in each risk subset analyzed, including an older age, and increased creatinine levels. In conclusion, our data, from a large real-world contemporary experience, suggest that patients with NSTEMI who do not undergo coronary revascularization during the index hospitalization represent a greater risk and undertreated group with increased risk for long-term mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume118
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016

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