Comparison of mycophenolate mofetil and calcineurin inhibitor versus calcineurin inhibitor-based graft-versus-host-disease prophylaxis for matched unrelated donor transplant in acute myeloid leukemia. A study from the ALWP of the EBMT

Annalisa Paviglianiti, Myriam Labopin, Didier Blaise, Gerard Socié, Claude Eric Bulabois, Bruno Lioure, Patrice Ceballos, Igor Wolfgang Blau, Gaelle Guillerm, Johan Maertens, Patrice Chevallier, Anne Huynh, Pascal Turlure, Eric Deconinck, Edouard Forcade, Arnon Nagler, Mohamad Mohty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The association of Cyclosporine A (CsA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has increased in the setting of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC). Nevertheless, the use of CsA or CsA+MMF has not been reported in a large and uniform cohort. We analyzed 497 patients with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission (CR) who underwent matched unrelated donor (MUD) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). All patients received a fludarabine busulfan RIC regimen and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) with either CsA alone or in combination with MMF. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grade II–IV acute GvHD was 27% (95% CI 21–33%) for CsA and 33% (95% CI 27–38%) for CsA+MMF (p = 0.25). The 2-year CI of chronic GvHD was 38% (95% CI 31–45%) and 33% (95% CI 28–39%) for the CsA and the CsA+MMF group, respectively (p = 0.26). On multivariate analysis, no statistically significant differences with respect to relapse incidence (RI), non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS), overall survival (OS), acute and chronic GvHD were found between the two groups, also when conducting a subgroup analysis in peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) recipients. Our results support the importance of randomized trial to identify patients who could benefit from the addition of MMF in MUD HSCT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1077-1085
Number of pages9
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

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