Comparison of lower urinary tract symptoms between women with detrusor overactivity and impaired contractility, and detrusor overactivity and preserved contractility

Kobi Stav, Yaniv Shilo, Amnon Zisman, Arie Lindner, Dan Leibovici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: We compared symptoms in women with detrusor overactivity with impaired contractility and women with detrusor overactivity who had preserved contractility. Materials and Methods: The study included 359 consecutive women with detrusor overactivity who underwent multichannel urodynamics at our department between 2009 and 2011. The women were divided into 2 groups, including 151 (42%) with detrusor overactivity and impaired contractility, and 208 (58%) with detrusor overactivity and preserved contractility. We compared the 2 groups. Results: Women with detrusor overactivity and impaired contractility were older (mean ± SD age 73.2 ± 17.3 vs 54.1 ± 20.7 years) with a higher frequency of diabetes mellitus (49% vs 31%, each p <0.001). The prevalence of previous urinary retention and recurrent cystitis was significantly higher in women with impaired contractility (7% vs 1%, p <0.01 and 22% vs 7%, p <0.001, respectively). Mean post-void residual urine was greater in the group with impaired contractility (89 ± 42 vs 21 ± 18 ml) and the mean maximal flow rate was lower (11 ± 6 vs 23 ± 5 ml per second, each p <0.001). The frequency of storage symptoms was similar in the 2 groups. However, voiding symptoms were more common in women with impaired contractility, including a slow stream in 69% vs 42%, an intermittent stream in 72% vs 26%, hesitancy in 35% vs 22%, straining in 84% vs 26%, terminal dribbling in 73% vs 42% and incomplete emptying in 71% vs 49% (p <0.001). Conclusions: Women with detrusor overactivity and impaired contractility are older than women with detrusor overactivity and preserved detrusor contractility. Urinary retention and recurrent cystitis are more frequent in women with detrusor overactivity and impaired contractility, and voiding symptoms are significantly more common.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2175-2178
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume189
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • female
  • lower urinary tract symptoms
  • muscle contraction
  • urinary bladder
  • urinary incontinence

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