Comparison of dental stone models and their 3D printed acrylic replicas for the accuracy and mechanical properties

Marta Czajkowska, Ewa Walejewska, Łukasz Zadrozny, Monika Wieczorek, Wojciech Świeszkowski, Leopold Wagner, Eitan Mijiritsky, Jarosław Markowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study was conducted to test possibilities of application of 3D printed dental models (DMs) in terms of their accuracy and physical properties. In this work, stone models of mandibles were cast from alginate impressions of 10 patients and scanned in order to obtain 3D printed acrylic replicas. The diagnostic value was tested as matching of model scans on three levels: peak of cusps, occlusal surface, and all teeth surfaces. The mechanical properties of acrylic and stone samples, specifically the impact strength, shore D hardness, and flexural and compressive strength were investigated according to ISO standards. The matching of models' surfaces was the highest on the level of peaks of cusps (average lack of deviations, 0.21 mm) and the lowest on the level of all teeth surfaces (average lack of deviations, 0.64 mm). Acrylic samples subjected to mechanical testing, as expected, showed higher mechanical properties as compared to the specimens made of dental stone. In the present study we demonstrated that 3D printed acrylic models could be ideal representatives in the case of use as a diagnostic tool and as a part of medical records. The acrylic samples exhibited not only higher mechanical properties, but also showed better accuracy comparing to dental stone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4066
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • 3D printing
  • Diagnostic
  • Diagnostic model


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