Previous studies have shown a high incidence of cardiovascular complications when noncardiac surgery (NCS) is performed after coronary stenting. No study has compared the outcomes of NCS after stenting compared with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) alone. The records of all patients who underwent NCS within 3 months of percutaneous coronary intervention at our institution were reviewed for adverse clinical events with the end points of acute myocardial infarction, major bleeding, and death ≤6 months after NCS. A total of 216 consecutive patients were included in the study. Of these, 122 (56%) underwent PTCA and 94 (44%) underwent stenting. A total of 26 patients (12%) died, 13 in the stent group (14%) and 13 in the PTCA group (11%), a nonsignificant difference. The incidence of acute myocardial infarction and major bleeding was 7% and 16% in the stent group and 6% and 13% in the PTCA group (p = NS), respectively. Significantly more events occurred in the 2 groups when NCS was performed within 2 weeks of percutaneous coronary intervention. In conclusion, our study has demonstrated high rates of perioperative morbidity and mortality after NCS in patients undergoing PTCA alone, as well as stenting. These findings support the current guidelines regarding the risk of NCS after stenting but suggest they be extended to PTCA as well.