Comparison between School-Age Children with and without Obesity in Nutritional and Inflammation Biomarkers

Eias Kassem, Wasef Na’amnih, Maanit Shapira, Asher Ornoy, Khitam Muhsen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Childhood obesity is a major health problem. We examined differences between children with obesity and normal weight in nutritional and inflammation biomarkers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among healthy children aged 10–12 years from Arab villages in Israel. Parents were interviewed regarding sociodemographic and children’s health status. Body weight and height measurements were performed and weight categories were defined using the 2007 WHO growth curves. Blood samples were tested for complete blood count, levels of iron, ferritin, lipids, uric acid, and C-reactive protein (CRP). Overall, 146 children (59.0% males, mean age = 11.3 [SD = 0.5]) were enrolled. In total 43.8%, 14.1% and 42.3% of the participants had normal weight, overweight and obesity, respectively. A multivariable logistic regression model showed that children with overweight and obesity had lower iron, and HDL-C levels than children with normal weight. Levels of CRP, uric acid, LDL-C and lymphocytes were higher among children with overweight and obesity. In conclusion, our findings highlight the worse metabolic and nutritional status in overweight and obese children. Such markers play a role in metabolic syndrome, thus suggesting that metabolic syndrome might start in childhood.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6973
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Ministry of Health (KM-PI3-00000-12789
Israel Science Foundation2614/19

    Keywords

    • inflammation markers
    • iron status
    • lipid levels
    • obesity
    • pre-adolescents

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