Comparing intracytoplasmic sperm injection and in vitro fertilization in patients with single oocyte retrieval

Itai Gozlan, Alon Dor, Betty Farber, Dror Meirow, Shira Feinstein, Jacob Levron*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To compare the efficacy of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and conventional IVF in patients with favorable and poor sperm parameters in which only a single oocyte was available for insemination. Design: Retrospective analysis. Setting: University-affiliated IVF center. Patient(s): A total of 311 patients (425 cycles) who underwent either stimulated or spontaneous IVF cycles that resulted in single oocyte retrieval. Intervention(s): The ICSI was indicated when fertilization failure was anticipated because of sperm quality or other confounding female factors. Main Outcome Measure(s): Fertilization rates and pregnancy rates (PRs) were analyzed according to the woman's age (≤39 or >39 years), sperm quality, and mode of insemination. Result(s): In patients <39 years old with favorable semen quality, ICSI and standard insemination produced similar fertilization rates (67.1% vs. 75.0%) and PRs (0.0 vs. 8.2%). Conversely, in cases with apparent lower semen quality, ICSI gave a significantly higher fertilization rate (85.4% vs. 44.2%) but no significant difference in PRs (14.6% vs. 4.7%). In patients >39 years old and with favorable semen quality, ICSI and standard insemination produced similar fertilization rates (82.4% vs. 68.4%) and PRs (0.0 vs. 1.1%). The ICSI for lower semen quality, however, produced both higher fertilization rates (84.0% vs. 52%) and higher PRs (8.0% vs. 0). Conclusion(s): Our results suggest that in poorly responding patients, semen quality should remain the most important determinant when considering whether to perform ICSI. We have found that the values of 20 × 106/mL and 35% motility are good predictors of success in such patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-518
Number of pages4
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume87
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ICSI
  • Poor responders
  • male infertility

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