Bis-dequalinium acetate (BDA), a quaternary ammonium compound, was introduced as a bactericidal and chemotherapeutic agent for endodontic use. This study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of this compound to 5.25% sodium hypochlorite in the cleansing and shaping of root canals. One hundred twenty freshly extracted teeth were divided into three groups. Each group was treated with the aid of the test material; saline solution was used as a control. After completion of the endodontic preparation, a silicone imprint of the canals was performed and the teeth were decalcified. The imprints were examined three-dimensionally to determine the amount of debris and canal configuration due to defective preparation and anatomic variation. No significant difference could be observed between the tested materials with respect to cleanliness and the shape of the canals. At the apical third, however, the BDA-treated canals showed more favorable results with respect to cleanliness. On the basis of the present and previous findings, it was concluded that BDA might be a favorable replacement for sodium hypochlorite as an irrigation solution.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology|
|State||Published - Aug 1986|