Comparative Studies

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Comparative research in journalism enables researchers to discover and sometimes reject what was thought to be universal or “natural.” While years ago, most comparative studies were conducted within a single country (e.g., comparison between different national newsrooms and between local and national news), the nation has probably become the dominant variable in comparative research in the field of journalism. This entry presents a matrix created by crossing three realms of journalism—the work of journalists, the contents they produce, and their audiences—with Kohn's four functions of the nation in cross‐national research: the nation as the object of the study, nation as context, nation as unit of analysis, and nation as a component of larger international systems. In each cell of the matrix we placed one study that illustrates the product of the intersection of the two factors. Some of the studies are classic works while others are very recent.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe international encyclopedia of journalism studies
EditorsTim P. Vos, Folker Hanusch
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781118841570
ISBN (Print)9781118841679
StatePublished - 2019


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