Comparative biodistribution and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity of native and heavy chain chimeric antibody.

S. Gallinger, M. Z. Papa, R. M. Reilly, J. Xiang, J. C. Kirsh, J. B. Mullen, H. S. Stern, N. Hozumi, J. C. Roder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have recently chimerized the heavy chain of the pan-carcinoma monoclonal antibody (mAb) B72.3. Studies were undertaken to compare the IgG1 chimeric antibody, B72.3-1-3 with native murine B72.3 (nB72.3). Using fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, B72.3-1-3 demonstrated specific binding to fresh LS174T tumor cells. Biodistribution of 131I B72.3-1-3 was similar to 131I nB72.3 in nude mice bearing LS174T xenografts. Peak radiolocalization indices were noted on day 6 for B72.3-1-3 and day 8 for nB72.3. Both antibodies were capable of imaging LS174T tumors by radioimmunoscintigraphy. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity of LS174T by human peripheral blood lymphocytes was tested in 8h 51Cr release assays. With either no antibody or nB72.3, lymphocytes were not capable of killing LS174T cells. However, B72.3-1-3 at a concentration of 5 and 50 micrograms/ml mediated significant lysis of tumor cells by human lymphocytes. These results suggest that chimeric antibodies retain their binding properties to tumor cells and display biodistribution patterns similar to their unmodified counterparts. Such modifications may reduce the deleterious human antimouse antibody response to murine mAbs as well as augment antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity of tumor cells by human effectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-203
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular biotherapy
Volume3
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1991
Externally publishedYes

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