Comorbid psychiatric diagnoses in kleptomania and pathological gambling: A preliminary comparison study

Pinhas N. Dannon, Katherine Lowengrub, Marina Sasson, Bosmat Shalgi, Lali Tuson, Yafa Saphir, Moshe Kotler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Kleptomania and pathological gambling (PG) are currently classified in the DSM IV as impulse control disorders. Impulse control disorders are characterized by an overwhelming temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the person or others. The patient usually feels a sense of tension before committing the act and then experiences pleasure or relief while in the process of performing the act. Kleptomania and PG are often associated with other comorbid psychiatric diagnoses. Forty-four pathological gamblers and 19 kleptomanics were included in this study. All enrolled patients underwent a complete diagnostic psychiatric evaluation and were examined for symptoms of depression and anxiety using the Hamilton depression rating scale and the Hamilton anxiety rating scale, respectively. In addition, the patients completed self-report questionnaires about their demographic status and addictive behavior. The comorbid lifetime diagnoses found at a high prevalence among our kleptomanic patients included 47% with affective disorders (9/19) and 37% with anxiety disorders (7/19). The comorbid lifetime diagnoses found at a high prevalence in our sample of pathological gamblers included 27% with affective disorders (12/44), 21% with alcohol abuse (9/44), and 7% with a history of substance abuse (3/44). A larger study is needed to confirm these preliminary results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-302
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Addiction
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Impulse control
  • Kleptomania
  • Pathological gambling

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