Commitment to learning: Effects of computer experience, confidence and attitudes

Tamar Levine*, Smadar Donitsa-Schmidt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Based on attitude-behavior theory which suggests that beliefs about an object lead to an attitude toward it, and that attitudes are an important precursor of behavior, this study proposes a causal model relating measures of computer-experience (degree of computer use at home and in school), computer-related attitudes (dispositions concerning the computer as an important, interesting, educational, and stereotypical tool), computer-related confidence (degree of confidence when using a computer), and commitment to computer learning (difference between self-perceived current level of computer-application knowledge and perceived level of desired knowledge). The model hypothesizes that computer experience positively affects perceived computer self-confidence and computer related attitudes. The model further hypothesizes that computer attitudes and computer confidence reciprocally affect one other in a positive way, and that both positively affect commitment to computer learning. Questionnaires were administered to 309 seventh to twelfth grade students. The theoretical model was tested by structural equation analysis (LISREL). Contrary to prediction, when attitudes were held constant, computer confidence was found to have a negative effect on commitment to learning. All other causal effects, including reciprocity were confirmed. The contribution and relevance of these findings to future educational research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-105
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Educational Computing Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997


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