Combined photodynamic therapy and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection for neovascular age-related macular degeneration with pigment epithelium detachment

Ruth Axer-Siegel, Rita Ehrlich, Inbal Avisar, Michal Kramer, Irit Rosenblatt, Ethan Priel, Dov Weinberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

■ BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of combined verteporfin photodynamic therapy (PDT) and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) for the treatment of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) with serous pigment epithelium detachment (PED) due to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). ■ PATIENTS AND METHODS: The files of all consecutive patients with CNV and serous PED who received PDT and IVTA either primarily (primary treatment group) or following previous unsuccessful PDT (secondary treatment group) were reviewed for visual and angiographic results. ■ RESULTS: Ten patients (11 eyes) were included. Mean number of PDT sessions was 3.18; 8 eyes received one IVTA injection and 3 eyes received two IVTA injections. Thirty-six percent of patients retained their initial visual acuity after a mean follow-up of 15.3 months. Loss of 3 or more Snellen lines was noted in 2 of 3 eyes in the primary treatment group and 5 of 8 eyes in the secondary treatment group. Increased intraocular pressure developed in 3 patients and was controlled by topical medications. ■ CONCLUSIONS: Although combined PDT and IVTA may be considered for CNV with serous PED in patients with poor prognosis with PDT alone, the regimen as administered in this small series was not beneficial. Further studies are required to determine whether alternate sequences, timing, or doses would yield a better outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmic Surgery Lasers and Imaging
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

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