Research into stroke is driven by frustration over the limited available therapeutics. Targeting a single aspect of this multifactorial disease contributes to the therapeutic boundaries. To overcome this, we devised a novel multifactorial-cocktail treatment, using lentiviruses encoding excitatory amino acid transporter 2 (EAAT2(, glutamate dehydrogenase 2 (GDH2), and nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) genes, that acts synergistically to address the effected excito-oxidative axis. Here, we used the vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 (ET-1) to induce focal ischemic injury in mice by direct injection into the striatum. Mice treated with the mixture of these three genes show significant improvement in body balance, motor coordination, and decreased motor asymmetry compared to each gene separately. These results demonstrate that overexpression of the combined EAAT2, GDH2, and NRF2 genes can provide neuroprotection after ischemic injury.
|University Committee of Animal Use for Research and Education and Israel Ministry of Health
|Tel Aviv University
- EAAT2 GDH2
- Gene therapy
- Ischemic injury