We reviewed 36 reported psychiatric patients who were treated with a combination of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and clozapine. The indication of the ECT-clozapine treatment was resistance to classical antipsychotic agents, clozapine, or ECT alone. Sixty-seven percent of the patients benefited from the combined treatment. In most of the patients, the combined treatment was safe and well tolerated. Adverse reactions occurred in 16.6% of the patients and included prolonged ECT-induced seizures (one case), supraventricular (one case) and sinus tachycardia, and blood pressure elevation. It seems that combined ECT-clozapine treatment is effective and safe. This strategy may be a therapeutic option in treatment-resistant patients.
- Electroconvulsive therapy