Coma aberration in diffraction from a narrow slit

Yaakov M. Engelberg*, Shlomo Ruschin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


It is shown that a light beam diffracting from a narrow slit (width on the order of magnitude of the wavelength of the incident light) at oblique incidence exhibits coma aberration. The motivation for this study was simulation of an optical system in which light is emitted from a waveguide array at an oblique angle. It was found that the coma aberration of the slit or waveguide array is canceled out exactly by the coma aberration of a collimating plano-convex cylindrical lens. Analytical expressions, numerical simulation results and laboratory results are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-123
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2004
EventOptical Modeling and Performance Predictions - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 6 Aug 20037 Aug 2003


  • Coma
  • Cylindrical lens
  • Physical optics propagation
  • Slit diffraction
  • Waveguide array


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