Collisional perturbations of time-resolved photon scattering from molecular levels

Shaul Mukamel*, Abraham Ben-Reuven, Joshua Jortner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A theoretical study is presented of the effects of collisional perturbations on the time-resolved resonant and near-resonant photon scattering from a molecular system. The photon counting rate is formulated in terms of tetradic Green's functions in Liouville space. The collisional and radiative damping effects are handled by an effective-Liouvillian formalism. The formal expressions are disentangled by invoking a series of successive approximations, assuming short correlation times of the thermal bath, neglecting relaxation processes in the ground electronic state, considering rotational relaxation as providing the dominant damping mechanism in the excited electronic manifold, specializing to weak electromagnetic fields, neglecting some off-resonance processes and disregarding collision-induced radiative processes. The photon counting rate is expressed as a triple convolution of the photon counting rate for the free molecule with the Doppler Gaussian profile and with a Lorentz profile. The latter incorporates purely collisional effects due to intrastate cross relaxations and proper T2 processes. The theory accounts well for the recent experimental data of Williams, Rousseau, and Dworetsky on collisionally perturbed I2 molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)947-958
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1975


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