Collapse instability of solitons in the nonpolynomial Schrödinger equation with dipole-dipole interactions

G. Gligorić, A. Maluckov, Lj Hadievski, B. A. Malomed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A model of the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of dipolar atoms, confined in a combination of a cigar-shaped trap and optical lattice acting in the axial direction, is studied in the framework of the one-dimensional (1D) nonpolynomial Schrödinger equation (NPSE) with additional terms describing long-range dipole-dipole (DD) interactions. The NPSE makes it possible to describe the collapse of localized modes, which was experimentally observed in the self-attractive BEC confined in tight traps, in the framework of the 1D description. We study the influence of the DD interactions on the dynamics of bright solitons, especially concerning their collapse-induced instability. Both attractive and repulsive contact and DD interactions are considered. The results are summarized in the form of stability/collapse diagrams in a respective parametric space. In particular, it is shown that the attractive DD interactions may prevent the collapse instability in the condensate with attractive contact interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number145302
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Volume42
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

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