Cold pressor test in tetraplegia and paraplegia suggests an independent role of the thoracic spinal cord in the hemodynamic responses to cold

A. Catz, V. Bluvshtein, I. Pinhas, S. Akselrod, I. Gelernter, T. Nissel, Y. Vered, N. Bornstein, A. D. Korczyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Cold application to the hand (CAH) is associated in healthy people with increase in heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP). Objective: To study hemodynamic responses to CAH in humans following spinal cord injuries of various levels, and examine the effect of spinal cord integrity on the cold pressor response. Design: An experimental controlled study. Setting: The spinal research laboratory, Loewenstein Hospital, Raanana, Israel. Subjects: Thirteen healthy subjects, 10 patients with traumatic T4-6 paraplegia and 11 patients with traumatic C4-7 tetraplegia. Main outcome measures: HR, BP, HR and BP spectral components (low frequency, LF; high frequency, HF; LF/HF), cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and cerebrovascular resistance index (CVRi). Methods: The outcome measures of the three subject groups monitored for HR, BP and CBFV were compared from 5 min before to 5 min after 40-150 s of CAH. The recorded signals were digitized online and analyzed offline in both the time and frequency domains. Results: During CAH, HR and CVRi increased significantly in all subject groups (P<0.001), and BP in control subjects and in the tetraplegia group (P<0.01). BP increase was not statistically significant in paraplegia, and CBFV, HR LF, HR HF and BP LF did not change significantly during CAH in any group. Conclusions: The CAH effect in tetraplegia and the suppressed BP increase in paraplegia, supported by the other findings, suggest a contribution of an independent thoracic spinal mechanism to the cold pressor response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood flow velocity
  • Cerebrovascular resistance
  • Cold pressor test
  • Hemodynamic changes
  • Spectral analysis
  • Spinal cord lesions

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