Cold inactivation of vacuolar proton-ATPases.

Y. Moriyama*, N. Nelson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

196 Scopus citations


Incubation of the reconstituted H+-ATPase from chromaffin granules on ice resulted in inactivation of the proton-pumping and ATPase activities of the enzyme. Inactivation was dependent on the presence of Mg2+, Cl-, and ATP during the incubation at low temperature. Approximately 1 mM ATP, 1 mM Mg2+, and 200 mM Cl- were required for maximum inactivation. Incubation for about 10 min on ice was required to achieve 50% inactivation. A much smaller decline in activity was observed when the enzyme was incubated at room temperature with the same chemicals. Inactivation in the cold resulted in the release of five polypeptides from the membrane with apparent molecular masses of 72, 57, 41, 34, and 33 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate gels. Three of the polypeptides of 72, 57, and 34 kDa were identified as subunits of vacuolar H+-ATPases by antibody cross-reactivity. Similar results were obtained with several other vacuolar H+-ATPases including those from plant sources. It was concluded that the catalytic sector of the enzyme is released from the H+-ATPase complex by cold treatment, resulting in inactivation of the enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3577-3582
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - 25 Feb 1989
Externally publishedYes


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