Purpose. The study aimed to determine whether detectable concentrations of colchicine are present in the tear fluid of treated patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and thus demonstrate a possible route by which colchicine reaches the corneal surface. Methods. Tear fluid samples (50-100 μL) were collected from eight FMF patients on long-term colchicine treatment. Colchicine tear fluid concentrations were determined in all patients by radioimmunoassay using goat anticolchicine antibodies and [3H]colchicine (Dupont, Wilmington, DE). Results. Detectable concentrations of colchicine, with no apparent effect on the ocular surface, were found in all tear fluid samples (median, 0.46 ng/mL; range, 0.24-1.05 ng/mL). Conclusions. This study provides evidence of the route by which colchicine, given systemically, reaches the corneal surface and thus gives credence to the possible inhibitory effect of this drug on corneal wound healing in the cases described in the literature.
- Familial Mediterranean fever
- Tear fluid