COlchicine for the Prevention of the Post-pericardiotomy Syndrome (COPPS): A multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Massimo Imazio*, Rita Trinchero, Antonio Brucato, Maria Elena Rovere, Anna Gandino, Roberto Cemin, Stefania Ferrua, Silvia Maestroni, Edoardo Zingarelli, Alberto Barosi, Caterina Simon, Fabrizio Sansone, Davide Patrini, Ettore Vitali, Paolo Ferrazzi, David H. Spodick, Yehuda Adler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AimsNo drug has been proven efficacious to prevent the post-pericardiotomy syndrome (PPS), but colchicine seems safe and effective for the treatment and prevention of pericarditis. The aim of the COlchicine for the Prevention of the Post-pericardiotomy Syndrome (COPPS) trial is to test the efficacy and safety of colchicine for the primary prevention of the PPS.Methods and resultsThe COPPS study is a multicentre, double-blind, randomized trial. On the third post-operative day, 360 patients (mean age 65.7 ± 12.3 years, 66 males), 180 in each treatment arm, were randomized to receive placebo or colchicine (1.0 mg twice daily for the first day followed by a maintenance dose of 0.5 mg twice daily for 1 month in patients ≥70 kg, and halved doses for patients <70 kg or intolerant to the highest dose). The primary efficacy endpoint was the incidence of PPS at 12 months. Secondary endpoint was the combined rate of disease-related hospitalization, cardiac tamponade, constrictive pericarditis, and relapses. Baseline characteristics were well balanced between the study groups. Colchicine significantly reduced the incidence of the PPS at 12 months compared with placebo (respectively, 8.9 vs. 21.1; P = 0.002; number needed to treat = 8). Colchicine also reduced the secondary endpoint (respectively, 0.6 vs. 5.0; P = 0.024). The rate of side effects (mainly related to gastrointestinal intolerance) was similar in the colchicine and placebo groups (respectively, 8.9 vs. 5.0; P = 0.212).ConclusionColchicine is safe and efficacious in the prevention of the PPS and its related complications and may halve the risk of developing the syndrome following cardiac surgery. ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00128427.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2749-2754
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume31
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Colchicine
  • Pericarditis
  • Post-pericardiotomy syndrome
  • Prevention

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