Coherent control of nanoscale localization of ultrafast optical excitation in nanosystems

Mark I. Stockman, David J. Bergman, Takayoshi Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We predict and theoretically investigate the unique possibility to control distribution of ultrafast local optical fields in nanosystems in space with nanometer resolution and in time on the femtosecond scale. While the spatial degrees of freedom of the optical radiation do not allow focusing of the light on nanoscale, the phase of the excitation light constitute a functional degree of freedom that permits one to coherently control the distribution of the energy of local fields, concentrating it at a desired location at certain times. We study both a specially designed V-shaped nanostructure and a random planar nanocomposite. Several types of exciting pulses are investigated, which has allowed us to distinguish effects of phase modulation and spectral composition of the excitation pulse. Possible applications of this effect include energy supply and control of ultrafast optical computations in nanostructures, local optical probing of nanosystems, including nanosensors of chemical and biological agents, and nanomodification of surfaces (nanolithography).

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 13 Feb 2004


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