Cognitive temporal mapping: The three steps method in urban planning

Tovi Fenster*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The aim of this paper is to present the three steps method of using cognitive temporal (CT) maps as a support to an individual's participation in the planning process. The term cognitive temporal maps refers to the process of drawing and comparing maps of past, present and future desired environments as an approach to assist the planning process. The three steps method which includes in-depth interviews, drawing CT maps, and a dialogue between the researcher/planner and the interviewee/resident is presented as a method which helps to expose the local spatial knowledge necessary for effective planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-498
Number of pages20
JournalPlanning Theory and Practice
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2009


  • Ct maps
  • Local knowledge
  • Mental maps
  • Three steps method
  • Urban planning


Dive into the research topics of 'Cognitive temporal mapping: The three steps method in urban planning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this