Cognitive and functional outcomes of terror victims who suffered from traumatic brain injury

Isabella Schwartz, Maya Tuchner, Jeanna Tsenter, Mara Shochina, Yigal Shoshan, Michal Katz-Leurer, Zeev Meiner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Primary objective: To describe the outcomes of terror victims suffered from traumatic brain injury (TBI). Research design: Retrospective chart review of 17 terror and 39 non-terror TBI patients treated in a rehabilitation department during the same period. Methods and procedure: Variables include demographic data, Injury Severity Scale (ISS), length of stay (LOS) and imaging results. ADL was measured using the Functional Independence Measurement (FIM), cognitive and memory functions were measured using the Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA) battery and the Rivermead Battery Memory Test (RBMT), respectively. Main outcome and results: Terror TBI patients were significantly younger, had higher ISS score and higher rates of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), brain surgery and penetrating brain injuries than the non-terror TBI group. There was no difference in mean LOS, mean FIM values, mean FIM gain and mean cognitive and memory improvement between groups. Terror victims suffered from a higher percentage of post-traumatic epilepsy (35% vs. 10%, p = 0.05), whereas the rate of PTSD and the rate of return to previous occupation were similar between groups. Conclusions: Although TBI terror victims had more severe injury, they gained most of ADL functions and their rehabilitation outcomes were similar to non-terror TBI patients. These favourable results were achieved due to a comprehensive interdisciplinary approach to terror victims and also by national support which allowed an adequate period of treatment and sufficient resources as needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-263
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Injury
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Brain
  • Injury
  • Outcomes
  • Rehabilitation
  • Terrorism
  • Traumatic


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