This study examined the contribution of cochlear implants (CIs) to the social-emotional functioning of children who are deaf or hard of hearing (dhh). Sixty-three parents of children who are dhh participated in the study. Thirty children were CI users and 32 used hearing aids (HAs). They completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and a background questionnaire. Parents of children with CIs reported lower levels of hyperactivity/inattention and higher levels of pro-social behavior compared to parents of children with HAs. Additionally, older age when hearing loss was detected was related to more pro-social behavior, and age at implantation among CI users was negatively correlated with children's hyperactivity/inattention and conduct problems. These findings add to the existing knowledge about the many benefits of CIs for individuals with hearing loss and emphasize the possible impact of early implantation to children's social-emotional functioning.