We revisit the problem of finding a minimum enclosing ball with differential privacy: Given a set of n points in the Euclidean space Rd and an integer t ≤ n, the goal is to find a ball of the smallest radius ropt enclosing at least t input points. The problem is motivated by its various applications to differential privacy, including the sample and aggregate technique, private data exploration, and clustering (Nissim et al., 2007, 2016; Feldman et al., 2017). Without privacy concerns, minimum enclosing ball has a polynomial time approximation scheme (PTAS), which computes a ball of radius almost ropt (the problem is NP-hard to solve exactly). In contrast, under differential privacy, until this work, only a O(√log n)approximation algorithm was known. We provide new constructions of differentially private algorithms for minimum enclosing ball achieving constant factor approximation to ropt both in the centralized model (where a trusted curator collects the sensitive information and analyzes it with differential privacy) and in the local model (where each respondent randomizes her answers to the data curator to protect her privacy). We demonstrate how to use our algorithms as a building block for approximating kmeans in both models.
|Number of pages||35|
|Journal||Proceedings of Machine Learning Research|
|State||Published - 2018|
|Event||29th International Conference on Algorithmic Learning Theory, ALT 2018 - Lanzarote, Spain|
Duration: 7 Apr 2018 → 9 Apr 2018