Clostridium difficile Colitis in Patients Undergoing Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

A. Jurban, Y. Anekstein, Y. Mordish, O. Rabau, Y. Mirovsky, Y. Smorgick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE OF THE STUDY To identify risk factors associated with developing Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients after surgery and to describe the clinical presentation of CDI in these patients. Clostridium difficile colitis is reportedly increasing in hospitalized patients and can have a negative impact on patient outcomes. No data exist on CDI rates and its consequences on patient undergoing surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective database review of patients who underwent elective idiopathic scoliosis surgery between January 2019 to June 2021 was conducted. The population was divided into patients who developed Clostridium difficile colitis and those who did not. RESULTS A total of 128 patients were included in the study. We did not find notable risk factors for the development of CDI. In 2 patients diagnosis of CDI, was made. Length of hospital stays, and readmissions were significantly higher in patients with CDI. CONCLUSIONS CDI is a rare post-surgical complication in patients who undergo surgery for idiopathic scoliosis. Currently, we cannot identify predisposing factors for the development of CDI in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. A high index of suspicion is necessary for timely diagnosis and treatment in patients presenting with abdominal symptoms around post-operative day 5 after surgical treatment for idiopathic scoliosis. Key words: Clostridium difficile infection, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, abdominal pain, diarrhea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-379
Number of pages4
JournalActa Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2022


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