Close association of HLA-B52 and HLA-B44 antigens in Israeli Arab adolescents with recurrent aphthous stomatitis

L. Jaber*, A. Weinberger, T. Klein, I. Yaniv, M. Mukamel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the incidence and clinical features of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) among Israeli Arab adolescents and to determine the HLA typing profile in affected subjects. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Junior high school in the largest Arab town in Israel. Participants: Four hundred seventy-seven lsraeli Arab junior high school students filled out a questionnaire. Students who reported more than 4 episodes of RAS during the previous year were interviewed by telephone. Those whose responses were confirmed were invited to the clinic. Of these, 22 were chosen at random for HLA typing. Findings were compared with those in 117 healthy Israeli Arabs who were candidate donors of bone marrow to patients at the Institute of Hematology-Oncology, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqva. Results: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis was confirmed in 80 subjects (16.7%). Of the 22 patients who underwent HLA typing, 7 (31.4%) had HLA-B52 antigens and 8 (36.4%) had HLA-B44 antigens; corresponding figures for the control group were 10 subjects (8.5%) (P=.007) and 9 subjects (7.7%) (P=.001), respectively. Conclusions: There is a close association of HLA-B52 and HLA-B44 in Israeli Arab youths with RAS. Long-term follow-up is needed to determine the relationship between RAS and Behçet disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-187
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume127
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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