Cloning and characterization of an unusual elongation factor-1α cDNA from Entamoeba histolytica

Fabien De Meester, Rivka Bracha, Marion Huber, Zvi Keren, Shmuel Rozenblatt, David Mirelman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The coding sequence deduced from two overlapping cDNA inserts obtained from a pathogenic strain of Entamoeba histolytica revealed a striking homology (>85%) with elongation factor EF-1α from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Artemia salina. The deduced amino acid sequence predicted a size of 49 kDa, and antibodies raised against the S. cerevisiae EF-1α cross-reacted with an amoebic protein of similar size (45-47 kDa). Sequence analysis of the cDNA revealed that the 5′ untranslated region contained a stretch of 190 nucleotides which was perfectly complementary to a segment of the 3′ terminal coding region situated 1015 bases downstream of the methionine initiation codon. Electron microscopy of self-renatured cDNA confirmed the potential of such molecules to form a stem-loop secondary structure. The presence of the complementary sequences was confirmed at the genomic level by sequence analysis of polymerase chain reaction-amplified segments which span both the 3′ and 5′ terminal complementary regions. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of E. histolytica EF-1α with Ef-Tu from Escherichia coli and EF-1α from different sources, suggested that the major functional domains of the protein are located within the loop structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-32
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation


    • Elongation factor-1α
    • Entamoeba histolytica
    • cDNA


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