Clinically significant sub-clonality for common drivers can be detected in 26% of KRAS/EGFR mutated lung adenocarcinomas

Einav Simon, Tova Bick, Shada Sarji, Talia Shentzer, Elad Prinz, Liza Yehiam, Edmond Sabo, Ofer Ben-Izhak, Dov Hershkovitz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genetic sub-clonality has been described in multiple malignancies, however the presence of sub-clonality for major drivers in lung adenocarcinoma and its clinical significance is a subject under debate. Using molecular and morphometric approach, 347 lung adenocarcinoma samples were analyzed for KRAS and EGFR sub-clonality, which was further correlated with clinical and pathological variables. KRAS and EGFR mutations were identified in 100 (29%) and 82 (23%) cases, respectively. One hundred and forty four KRAS or EGFR positive cases were also available for morphometric analysis, among which 37 (26%) were defined as subclonal. The presence of sub-clonality was associated with shorter survival time (p=0.02). Interestingly, cases with sub-clonality were also associated with earlier disease stage (89% vs 66% stage I disease in sub-clonal vs clonal cases, respectively, p=0.01) and less lymph node involvement (8% vs 25% in sub-clonal vs clonal cases, respectively, p=0.02). Our findings demonstrate the presence of sub-clonality for mutations in common drivers in lung adenocarcinoma and link it both to earlier disease stage and to poor survival. These findings are in line with the different evolutionary models that can present with genetic sub-clonality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45736-45749
Number of pages14
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • EGFR
  • Evolution
  • KRAS
  • Lung adenocarcinoma
  • Sub-clonality

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